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Elections and Voter Information

Voter Information

Election Advisory No. 2018-25

November 6, 2018 Election Law Calendar

The uniform election date in November of even-numbered years, by statute, is the general election date for federal, state, and county officers. Additionally, many local political subdivisions have their regular general election for members of their governing bodies in November of even-numbered years, or they may order special elections for this date to vote on propositions or to fill vacancies. Therefore, this calendar is required to meet the needs of many different governmental bodies. If there are questions about the applicability of something in this calendar to your specific election, do not hesitate to call the Elections Division of the Office of the Texas Secretary of State at 1-800-252-VOTE (8683).

Download PDF version of the Calendar

Months

Notes

  1. Campaign Information
  2. Submissions to the U.S. Department of Justice
  3. Statutory and Administrative Code References
  4. Required Use of County Polling Places
  5. Notice of Candidate Filing Periods
  6. Joint Election Requirement for School Districts
  7. Joint Elections Generally
  8. Notice of Elections
  9. Extended Early Voting Hours and Branch Locations
  10. Notice of Previous Polling Place
  11. Note on Notice of Change of Polling Place
  12. Testing Tabulating Equipment
  13. Note on Voting Order Priority for Voters with Mobility Issues
  14. Note on new law regarding faxed or emailed ABBMs and faxed FPCAs

1. Note on Campaign Information

Under Title 15 of the Texas Election Code, candidates running for an office must file campaign contribution and expenditure reports. For further information and all questions about such disclosure filings, campaign finance, and political advertising, please contact the Texas Ethics Commission at 201 E. 14th, 10th Floor, Austin, Texas 78701; or call 512-463-5800.

2. Note on Submissions to the U.S. Department of Justice

On June 25, 2013, the United States Supreme Court issued its decision in Shelby County v. Holder, 133 S. Ct. 2612 (2013). The Supreme Court’s decision holds that Section 4 of the federal Voting Rights Act of 1965 is unconstitutional and its formula can no longer be used as a basis for subjecting jurisdictions to preclearance.  Accordingly, unless and until there is new law from the United States Congress signed by the President or other court order, the Texas Attorney General has advised the Secretary of State that it is no longer required to submit voting changes to the DOJ for preclearance. We suggest that Texas counties or other Texas political subdivision discuss the effect of Shelby and the continuing applicability of other provisions of the Voting Rights Act with their legal counsel.

3. Note on Statutory and Administrative Code References

Unless otherwise indicated, all references are to the Texas Election Code. The county election officer is the county clerk, the county elections administrator, or the county tax assessor-collector, depending on the actions of the county commissioners court. (Secs. 31.031; 31.071; 31.091). The county voter registrar is the county clerk, the county elections administrator, or the county tax assessor collector, depending on the actions of the county commissioners court. (Secs. 12.001; 12.031; 31.031; 31.071).

4. Note on Required Use of County Polling Places

Political subdivisions holding an election on the November uniform election date MUST use county election precincts and the county polling places on election day. This is the case even when the county has adopted the countywide polling place system; in that case the entity must have a presence in every countywide location in the county, not just the locations physically within the territory of the political subdivision.  (Secs. 42.002; 43.004; 43.007(e)).

NOTE: As this election is being held on the date of the general election for state and county officers, no consolidation of county election precincts may occur. (Secs. 42.002(b); 42.008; 42.009).

In an election held by a political subdivision other than a county on the November uniform election date, and in which the political subdivision is not holding a joint election with a county in accordance with Chapter 271 of the Code, or has not executed a contract for election services with a county elections officer pursuant to Chapter 31 of the Code under which the political subdivision and the county share early voting polling places for the election, the political subdivision mustdesignate as one of its own early voting sites one of the early voting sites established by the county (other than a movable site established under Section 85.062(e) of the Code) that is located in the political subdivision. If such a shared polling place is designated as the mainearly voting polling place by the political subdivision, it must be open for voting for all political subdivisions the polling place serves for at least the days and hours required of a main early voting polling place for the political subdivision making the designation. (Sec. 85.010; 85.002; 85.062(e)).

NOTE: The deadline for counties who were not previously designated as “Successful” or counties applying to the program for the first time to submit their proposed written plans to participate in the countywide polling place program for the November 6, 2018 general election date is Thursday, August 23, 2018.  See 2018 Opportunitites to Use Countywide Polling Places and Countywide Polling Place Program FAQs.

5. Note on Notice of Candidate Filing Periods

The authority with whom an application for a place on the ballot is filed must post a Notice of Deadline to File Applications for Place on the Ballot (PDF), listing the filing period dates in a building in which the authority maintains an office. The notice must be posted not later than the 30th day beforethe first day to file. (Sec. 141.040). If you order a special election to fill a vacancy, the order must include the filing deadline; we recommend posting the notice of the filing period as soon as practicable after a special election is ordered. Note that an application for a place on the ballot for a special election may not be filed before the election is ordered.

6. Note on Joint Election Requirement for School Districts

The joint election requirement for school trustee elections under Section 11.0581 of the Education Code is met by complying with the requirement of using county election precincts on election day per Section 42.002 of the Election Code.

7. Note on Joint Elections Generally

Many entities will have joint elections for the November 6, 2018 election. Note that the entries in this calendar are generally written in terms of elections held individually rather than jointly. For example, cities are advised about conducting two 12-hour days for early voting. However, we have long advised different entities who conduct early voting together to coordinate their early voting hours, which may result in entities other than cities also holding early voting on two 12-hour days. On the other hand, depending on the plan, different entities may choose to do different things separately, i.e., not holding early voting together. Not all joint election plans are alike. With a few exceptions, we do not discuss the impact of coordinating rules for a joint election, as we think this would make the calendar longer and confusing. We encourage joint election partners to read through the entire calendar, taking note of the rules affecting the partner entities and to address the differences within the agreement itself. If you have questions about how different rules apply to a particular joint election plan, please contact our office by phone or email.

8. Note on Notice of Elections

Political subdivisions other than cities and school districts may have specific statutory notice requirements. In the absence of specific statutory requirements, political subdivisions must post a notice of election, which must include the location of each polling place, on the bulletin board used for posting notices of the meetings of the governing body of the political subdivision that the authority serves, on or before the 21st day before the election. (Sec. 4.003(b)). For the Tuesday, November 6, 2018 election, this notice must be posted on or before Tuesday, October 16, 2018. The general rule is that, additionally, notice must be given using one of the following methods:

  1. By posting a notice at a public place in each election precinct in which the election is to be held on or before the 21st day before the election, Tuesday, October 16, 2018.(Sec. 4.003(a)(2)).
  2. By publishing the notice at least once not earlier than the 30th day or later than the the 10th day before the election, Sunday, October 7, 2018 – Saturday, October 27, 2018. (Sec.4.003(a)(1)).
  3. By mailing a copy of the notice to each registered voter of the territory covered by the election, not later than the 10th day before election day, Saturday, October 27, 2018. (Sec. 4.003(a)(3)).

This notice must include:

  1. The type and date of the election;
  2. The location of each polling place;
  3. The hours the polls will be open;
  4. The location of the main early voting polling place;
  5. The regular dates and hours for early voting by personal appearance;
  6. The dates and hours of any Saturday or Sunday early voting, if any; and
  7. The early voting clerk’s mailing address.
  8. We recommend that the information regarding branch early voting locations be included as part of your notice.

The following forms may be used:

Note for All Political Subdivisions: The election notice shall be posted on the political subdivision’s website, if the political subdivision maintains a website. For political subdivisions other than counties or cities, the original order and notice should include all days and hours for early voting by personal appearance, including voting on ANY Saturday or Sunday. (Secs. 85.006; 85.007).Note for cities and counties, the election notice must be subsequently amended to include voting ordered for ANY Saturday or Sunday and must be posted on the political subdivision’s website, if maintained.

Notice for Bond Elections: Entities holding bond elections must provide additional notice per Section 4.003(f). A debt obligation order under Section 3.009 must be posted:

  1. On election day and during early voting by personal appearance, in a prominent location at each polling place.
  2. Not later than the 21st day before the election, in three public places in the boundaries of the political subdivision holding the election.
  3. During the 21 days before the election, on the political subdivision's Internet website, prominently and together with the notice of the election and the contents of the proposition, if the political subdivision maintains an Internet website.

Note for Counties for the General Election for State and County Officers: Counties are required to publish their notice in a newspaper in accordance with Section 4.003(a)(1). Counties must also post a copy of the notice on the governmental bulletin board used for posting notice of public meetings no later than the 21st day before election day, Tuesday, October 16, 2018. (Sec. 4.003(b)).

Note for Cities and School Districts: Cities and school districts are required to publish their notice in a newspaper in accordance with Section 4.003(a)(1)(See B, above) and may also give any additional notice. (Sec. 4.003(c)). School districts and cities must also post a copy of the notice on the governmental bulletin board used for posting notice of public meetings no later than the 21st day before election day, Tuesday, October 16, 2018. (Sec. 4.003(b)).

Note for Home-Rule Charter Cities: Home-rule cities MUST also give notice as provided in their charters.

Note for Cities:Cities must choose two weekdays to be open for 12 hours during the regular early voting period. The city council must choose the two weekdays and the hours the site will be open, and include that information in the notice. (Sec. 85.005(d)).

Notice for Political Subdivisions, Except Counties, School Districts, and Cities: Political subdivisions other than counties, school districts, and cities may have specific statutory election notice requirements either in their enabling acts or in the Code governing them (such as the Water Code). In the absence of specific statutory requirements, such political subdivisions must post a copy of the notice on the bulletin board used for posting notices of the meetings of the governing body of the political subdivision on or before the 21st day before election day, Tuesday, October 16, 2018.  (Sec. 4.003(b)).

Note for All Political Subdivisions, Except Counties: The governing body of a political subdivision must deliver notice of the election to the county election officer and voter registrar of each county in which the political subdivision is located not later than the 60th day before election day, Friday, September 7, 2018. (Sec. 4.008).

9. Note of Extended Early Voting Hours and Branch Locations

Note for Counties with Population of 100,000 or more: Early voting in the general election for state and county officers must be conducted at the main early voting location: (1) for at least 12 hours on each weekday of the last week of the early voting period, (2) for at least 12 hours on the last Saturday of the early voting period, AND (3) for at least 5 hours on the last Sunday of the early voting period. (Secs. 85.005(c); 85.006(e)).

Note for Counties with Population of less than 100,000: Early voting in the general election for state and county officers must be conducted at the main early voting location on the weekdays of the early voting period and during the hours that the county clerk’s main office’s business office is regularly open for business. (Sec. 85.005(a)). However, upon receipt of a written request by at least 15 registered voters of the county for extended hours to the early voting clerk, early voting in a general election for state and county officers must be conducted at the main early voting location for at least 12 hours on each weekday of the last week of the early voting period. (Sec. 85.005(c)). The written request must be submitted in time to enable compliance with Section 85.067. (Secs. 85.005(c); 85.067(c)).

Saturdays and Sundays for Counties with Population of less than 100,000: Counties with a population under 100,000 are not required to conduct early voting on Saturday or Sunday in the general election for state and county officers. However, the county election officer may order early voting on a Saturday or Sunday, and determine the hours for such Saturday or Sunday early voting. This must be done by written order. (Secs. 85.006(b); 85.006(c)). Notice of Saturday or Sunday early voting must be posted continuously for at least 72 hours immediately preceding the first hour that voting will be conducted. (Sec. 85.007(c)). The notice shall be posted on the bulletin board used for posting notice of meetings of the commissioners court, as well as on the political subdivision’s website, if maintained. (Secs. 85.007(c); 85.007(d)).

Also, for counties with a population under 100,000, if the early voting clerk receives a written request by at least 15 registered voters of the county, early voting in a general election for state and county officers must be conducted at the main early voting location for at (1) least 12 hours on the last Saturday of the early voting period, and (2) for at least 5 hours on the last Sunday of the early voting period. (Sec. 85.006(e)). The request for Saturday and Sunday hours must be received in time for the early voting clerk to comply with the 72-hour posting requirement before the start of early voting. (Secs. 85.006(e); 85.007(c)).

Note about branch early voting in the November General Election for state and county officers:

The commissioners court:

  1. in a county with a population of 400,000 or more, must establish one or more temporary polling places, other than the main early voting polling place, in each state representative district containing territory covered by the election. The temporary polling place(s) must remain open the same days as the main early voting polling place, but the commissioners court determines the hours during which voting is to be conducted, unless a written request signed by 15 registered voters requesting the same number of hours as the main polling place is timely filed with the commissioners court;
  2. in a county with a population of 120,000 or more but less than 400,000, must establish one or more temporary polling places, other than the main early voting polling place, in each commissioners precinct containing territory covered by the election. The temporary polling place(s) must remain open the same days as the main early voting polling place, but the commissioners court determines the hours during which voting is to be conducted, unless a written request signed by 15 registered voters requesting the same number of hours as the main polling place is timely filed with the commissioners court; or;
  3. in a county with a population of 100,000 or more but less than 120,000, must establish one or more early voting polling places in each commissioners court precinct for which the commissioners court receives a timely filed written request signed by at least 15 registered voters of that precinct. The temporary polling place(s) must remain open the same days as the main early voting polling place, but the commissioners court determines the hours during which voting is to be conducted, unless a written request signed by 15 registered voters requesting the same number of hours as the main polling place is timely filed with the commissioners court. (Secs. 85.062; 85.064).

Note: If a county has a population under 100,000, the location, days, and hours of temporary branch locations may be established only by the commissioners court. No petition process is available. (Sec. 85.065).

Note: A temporary branch polling place that is “movable” may be established only with the approval of the county clerk. If a movable temporary branch polling place is established on the request of a political party, each other political party whose nominee for Governor in the most recent gubernatorial general election received more than 10 percent of the total number of votes received by all candidates for Governor in the 2014 election, is entitled to the establishment of such a polling place. The election officers serving a polling place covered by this subsection must be appointed from the list submitted by the county chairs to the early voting clerk and, to the extent possible, must be affiliated or aligned with different political parties. (Sec. 85.062(e)).

Note: In a countywide election, the total number of permanent branch polling places and temporary branch polling places open for voting at the same time in a commissioners precinct may not exceed twice the number of permanent branch and temporary branch polling places open at that time in another commissioners precinct.  (Sec. 85.062(f)).

Note for All Political Subdivisions, ExceptCounties & Cities: Voting on ANY Saturday or Sunday must be included in the order and notice of election. The order and notice must include the dates and hours of Saturday or Sunday voting. (Secs. 85.006; 85.007). The election notice must be posted on the political subdivision’s website, if the political subdivision maintains a website. (Sec. 85.007). The political subdivision must have early voting on Saturday or Sunday, ifa written request is received from at least 15 registered voters of the political subdivision in time to comply with the posting requirement. (Sec. 85.006(d)). The request must be submitted in time to be included in the order and notice of election. (Secs. 85.006; 85.007).

Note for Cities: Cities must choose two weekdaysfor the main early voting polling place to be open for 12 hours during the regular early voting period. The city council must choose the two weekdays. (Sec. 85.005(d)).

The city secretary may also order early voting on a Saturday or Sunday, and determine the hours for such Saturday or Sunday early voting. This must be done by written order. (Secs. 85.006(b); 85.006(c)). Notice of Saturday or Sunday early voting must be posted continuously for at least 72 hours immediately preceding the first hour that voting will be conducted. (Sec. 85.007(c)). The notice shall be posted on the bulletin board used for posting notice of meetings of the city’s governing body if the early voting clerk is the city secretary, as well as on the political subdivision’s website, if maintained. (Secs. 85.007(c); 85.007(d)). The city secretary musthave early voting on Saturday or Sunday, if a written request (PDF) is received from at least 15 registered voters of the city. The written request for Saturday and Sunday hours must be received in time for the early voting clerk to comply with the 72-hour notice posting requirement before the start of early voting.  (Secs. 85.006(d); 85.007(c)).

10. Note on Notice of Previous Polling Place

If a different polling place is being used from the previous election held by the same authority, a Notice of Previous Precinct (PDF) must be posted at the entrance of the previous polling place informing voters of the current polling place location, if possible. (Sec. 43.062).

11. Note on Notice of Change of Polling Place Location

For elections ordered by the Governor or county judge only, if the location of the polling place changes after notice has been given under Section 4.003 of the Texas Election Code, and the county election officer maintains a website to inform voters about elections, the notice of the change must be posted on the website. The notice on the website must be posted not later than the earlier of 24 hours after the location was changed or 72 hours before the polls open on election day. (Sec. 43.061). If the county election officer is conducting a legislative vacancy election, the candidates listed on the ballot are entitled to receive notice directly from the county judge. As a reminder, notice should also be provided to the Secretary of State regarding any changes made to the location of polling places.

12. Note on Testing Tabulating and Electronic Voting Equipment

Note on Ballot Testing:

Once all candidate filing deadlines have passed, we recommend that you proof and test your ballot programming as soon as possible. Early testing will allow adequate time to locate any errors and make any necessary corrections in ballot programming. We also strongly suggest that you have candidates proof their names and offices before finalizing the ballot to avoid the necessity for last minute ballot corrections.

Note on Logic and Accuracy Test:

We recommend establishing a date to perform the test of your electronic voting equipment (L&A, or Logic and Accuracy Test) as soon as possible. We recommend that this test be performed on a date that allows time to correct programming and retest, if necessary. A notice of this test must be published by the custodian of the electronic voting equipment at least 48 hours before the date of the test. (Sec. 129.023; Tex. Sec’y of State Election Advisory No. 2014-06). The L&A test must be conducted not later than 48 hours before voting begins on a voting system. (Sec. 129.023).

Note on Testing Tabulating Equipment:

The automatic tabulating equipment used for counting ballots at a central counting station must be tested three times for each election. (Ch. 127, Subch. D). We recommend you test the equipment as soon as possible; early testing will allow adequate time to locate any errors and make any necessary corrections in programming. However, the first test must be conducted at least 48 hours before the automatic tabulating equipment is used to count ballots voted in the election. The second test shall be conducted immediately before the counting of ballots with the equipment begins. The third test must be conducted immediately after the counting of ballots with the equipment is completed. Please note that the custodian of the automatic tabulating equipment must publish notice of the date, hour, and place of the first test in a newspaper at least 48 hours before the date of the test. (Sec. 127.096). The electronic files created from the L&A testing are what must be used for testing the tabulating equipment. (Tex. Sec’y of State Election Advisory No. 2014-06).

Precinct tabulators must also be tested in accordance with the procedures set forth in Chapter 127, Subchapter D of the Texas Election Code to the extent those procedures can be made applicable. (Sec. 127.152; Tex. Sec’y of State Election Advisory No. 2014-06).

Our recommendation is that both L&A testing and testing of the automatic tabulating equipment take place prior to ballots by mail being sent out. However, should there be a reason to delay testing, please be advised that L&A testing must be conducted at least 48 hours before voting begins on a voting system. This means that L&A testing should be completed before early voting and possibly, before election day, if your election day system is different than your early voting system. Additionally, the automatic tabulating equipment may not be used to count ballots voted in the election until a test is successful.

For more information on testing tabulating equipment used at the central counting station, please see Chapter 127, Subchapter D of the Election Code and Tex. Sec’y of State Election Advisory No. 2014-06. See Chapter 129, Subchapter B of the Election Code and Tex. Sec’y of State Election Advisory No. 2014-06 for other types of testing such as functionality tests, logic and accuracy tests, tests for central accumulators, etc. See also Tex. Sec’y of State Election Advisory No. 2017-17.

13. Note on Voting Order Priority

NEW LAW:Section 63.0013, as amended by House Bill 658 (85th Legislature, RS 2017) provides that an election officer may accept a person with a mobility problem that substantially impairs a person’s ability to ambulate who is offering to vote before accepting others offering to vote at the polling place who arrived before the person. For additional information, please see our Election Judges and Clerks Handbook (PDF).

The recommended time to include this notice on a county website is when the Notice of Election is also posted on the website. (Sec 85.007(d)).See Note regarding Notice of Elections.

Cities, Schools, and Other Political Subdivisions: It isstrongly recommended that the notice regarding accepting voters with certain disabilities also be posted on the subdivision’s website, if one is maintained by the political subdivision.

14. Note on new law regarding faxed or emailed ABBMs and faxed FPCAs

NEW LAW: SB 5 (85th Legislature, 1st CS, 2017), effective December 1, 2017, provides that if an ABBM is faxed or emailed or if an FPCA is faxed, then the applicant must submit the ORIGINAL application BY MAIL to the early voting clerk so that the early voting clerk receives the original no later than the 4th business day after receiving the emailed or faxed ABBM or faxed FPCA. If the early voting clerk does not receive the original ABBM or FPCA by that deadline, then the emailed or faxed ABBM or faxed FPCA will be considered incomplete. An original hardcopy ABBM received after the 4th business day deadline but received by the 11th day before election day would entitle the voter to receive a ballot for the election.

The early voting clerk should retain a copy of the FPCA for their own records, but should send the FPCA submitted by the voter to the Voter Registrar for registration purposes.

If a voter faxes or emails the ABBM or faxes the FPCA, the date the early voting clerk receives the FAX or EMAIL is considered the date of submission. Essentially, the faxed or emailed form serves as a place-holder for the voter.

Therefore, a voter whose application was faxed or emailed by the 11th day before election day (the deadline), and whose original application is received on or before the 4th business day after that date, would still be entitled to receive a ballot for the election (if otherwise eligible). The early voting clerk will have to hold the faxed or emailed ABBM or faxed FPCA until the clerk receives the original, and would only send the voter a ballot if the original is received by the 4th business day after the faxed or emailed ABBM or faxed FPCA was received. See Tex. Sec’y of State Election Advisory No. 2018-02.

NOTE: The requirement to mail the original application does not apply to an emailed FPCA.

Calendar of Events

May

Thursday, May 10, 2018 (180th day before Election Day)

First day to accept applications for state write-in ballots for the November 6, 2018 election. (Sec. 105.002).

Tuesday, May 29, 2018 (75th day after minor party precinct conventions)

Deadline for minor party chairs to submit petitions and precinct convention lists to Secretary of State and to the appropriate county clerk (or other county election official) for placement on the ballot. (Secs. 1.006; 181.005(a); 181.006(b)(3); 182.003; 182.004). The deadline is extended to the next regular business day which is Tuesday, May 29, 2018 due to the 75th day falling on Sunday, May 27, 2018 and Monday, May 28, 2018 is Memorial Day, a state legal holiday. (Sec. 1.006).

June

Monday, June 11, 2018 (20th day after Runoff Primary Election Day)

First day of new term for political party county and precinct chairs elected in the March 6, 2018 Primary Election. (Sec. 171.022(c)).

Thursday, June 21, 2018 (30th day before Saturday, July 21, 2018, “first day to file”; 30th day after Runoff Primary Election Day)

Counties: 5:00 p.m. — Filing deadline for independent candidate’s application for place on ballot (PDF) and petition (PDF) for the November General Election for state and county officers. (Sec. 142.006). See Independent Candidates Guide.

Cities, Schools and Other Political Subdivisions:Deadline to post Notice of Deadline to File Applications for Place on the Ballot (PDF)in a public place in a building in which the authority maintains an office. The notice must be posted not later than the 30th day before the first day to file. (Sec. 141.040; Sec. 49.113 Water Code).

NOTE - Water Districts: The notice must be posted at the district’s administrative office or at the public place established by the district under Section 49.063 of the Water Code. (Sec. 49.113 Water Code).

Saturday, June 30, 2018 (last day in June)

In a county with a population of over 500,000, deadline for party chairs to submit to county commissioners court a list of eligible persons for precinct presiding election and alternate presiding judges for appointments, as well as for presiding and alternate presiding judges of central counting station for appointments for the November General Election for state and county officers. (Secs. 1.006; 32.002(a)(1), (c); 127.005(e)).

Deadline for party chairs to submit to county election officer the list of eligible persons to serve as election officers for the main and any branch early voting location for the November General Election for state and county officers. (Sec. 85.009).

Recommended date that party chairs, in a county with a population of over 500,000, submit to the county election board a list of names of eligible persons to serve on the early voting ballot board for the November General Election for state and county officers. (Sec. 87.002(c), (d)). NOTE: This is not a deadline; just a recommendation.

NOTE:A signature verification committee may be appointed at a later date. (Sec. 87.027).

Political Subdivisions Other than Counties: For recommended date to appoint your presiding election judges, see entry under August 20, 2018.

July

Monday, July 2, 2018 – Monday, October 1, 2018

Recommended timeframe for the county election board in a county with a population of over 500,000 to appoint the members to the early voting ballot board for the November General Election for state and county officers. (Sec. 87.002(c), (d)). Section 87.002(c) of the Election Code does not provide a deadline for the county election board to make such appointments. NOTE: This is not a deadline; just a recommendation. October 1 is the recommended deadline because of various notice requirements.

It is also recommended that the commissioners court, in a county with a population of over 500,000, appoint during its July term the central counting station manager, tabulation supervisor, and assistants to the tabulation supervisor if it has established a central counting station. (Secs. 127.001; 127.002; 127.003; 127.004). ;NOTE: This is not a deadline; just a recommendation.

Saturday, July 21, 2018 (30th day before Monday, August 20, 2018, regular filing deadline for a place on the ballot)

Counties: First day to file a Declaration of Write-In Candidacy (PDF) and accompanying filing fee or nominating petition (PDF) in lieu of filing fee with the county judge or Secretary of State, as applicable, for the November General Election for state and county officers. (Secs. 146.023; 146.0231; 146.0232; 146.025(a); 172.024; 172.025). See Write-In Candidates Guide.

Political Subdivisions Other Than Counties: First day to file an application for a place on the ballot or a declaration of write-in candidacy. (Secs. 143.007(a); 144.005(a); 146.054 Election Code; Secs. 11.055; 11.056; 130.082(g); 130.0825 Educ. Code). See Candidacy Filing outline for more details. The following forms are available on the Secretary of State’s website:

NOTE: We are often asked how filing can begin if you have not yet ordered the general election. You do not need to order your general (regularly occurring) election in order for the filing period to begin.

NOTE: Cities, Schools, and Other Political Subdivisions: At least part of the candidate filing period will occur during the summer break for school districts. Additionally, there are political subdivisions that do not       have office hours on all days of the business week (Monday through Friday) or do not have an office that is open for eight hours each day of the business week. The Elections Division recommends that political subdivisions take steps to have someone available for a few hours most days during the candidate filing period to accept filings, and that political subdivisions post a schedule on their websites and on the bulletin boards where notices of meetings are posted of the days and times when someone will be available to accept filings. The Elections Division also strongly recommends having someone available at the place of business on the filing deadline, especially from 2:00 p.m. to 5:00 p.m., if you are otherwise closed. This guideline is based on the office-hour rule under Section 31.122 of the Election Code. Although a political subdivision may accept applications by mail and fax, without a person there at the office, the political subdivision will not be able to determine which applications were timely filed by 5:00 p.m.

Tuesday, July 31, 2018 (last day “before August”)

In a county with a population of 500,000 or less, deadline for party chairs to submit to county commissioners court list of eligible persons for precinct presiding election and alternate presiding judges for appointments, as well as for presiding and alternate presiding judges of central counting station for appointments for the November General Election for state and county officers. (Secs. 32.002(a)(2), (c); 127.005(e)).

Recommended date that party chairs in a county with a population of 500,000 or less submit to the county election board a list of names of eligible persons to serve on the early voting ballot board for the November General Election for state and county officers. (Sec. 87.002(c), (d)). NOTE: This is not a deadline; just a recommendation.

NOTE:A signature verification committee may be appointed at a later date. (Sec. 87.027).

Recommended date that county election officials and local political subdivisions meet to discuss conducting elections at the same polling locations pursuant to Sections 42.002 & 42.0621, as well as any applicable joint election issues needed to be agreed upon. NOTE: This is not a deadline; just a recommendation.

August

Wednesday, August 1, 2018 – Monday, October 1, 2018

Recommended timeframe for the county election board in a county with a population of 500,000 or less to appoint the members to the early voting ballot board for the November General Election for state and county officers. (Sec. 87.002(c), (d)). Section 87.002(c) of the Election Code does not provide a deadline for the county election board to make such appointments. NOTE: This is not a deadline; just a recommendation. October 1 is the recommended deadline because of various notice requirements.

Recommended date that commissioners court in a county with a population of 500,000 or less appoint central counting station manager, tabulation supervisor, and assistants to the tabulation supervisor if it has established a central counting station. (Secs. 127.001; 127.002; 127.003; 127.004). NOTE: This is not a deadline; just a recommendation.

Wednesday, August 8, 2018 (90th day before Election Day)

Last day for eligible political subdivisions to submit Notice of Exemption Under Section 61.013 (PDF) or an Application of Undue Burden Status (PDF) to the Secretary of State for exemption from the accessible voting system requirement. (Sec. 61.013). For additional information, consult the most current advisory on this topic, Voting Accessibility Issues.

Friday, August 17, 2018 (81st day before Election Day, day before 2nd day before filing deadline)

Political Subdivisions Other Than Counties: If a candidate dies on or before this date, his or her name is not placed on the ballot, if the filing deadline is Monday, August 20, 2018. (Sec. 145.094(a)(1)).

Monday, August 20, 2018 (78th day before Election Day)

Counties: 5:00 p.m. — Deadline to file as a write-in candidate for the November General Election for state and county officers. (Sec. 146.025(a)). A declaration of write-in candidacy filed by mail is considered to be filed at the time of its receipt by the appropriate authority. (Sec. 146.025(c)). See Write-In Candidates Guide.

Exception: If a candidate whose name is to appear on the general election ballot dies or is declared ineligible after the third day before the date of the filing deadline above, a declaration of write-in candidacy for the office sought by the deceased or ineligible candidate may be filed not later than 5:00 p.m. of the 75th day before election day. (Sec. 146.025(b)).

Political Subdivisions Other Than Counties: 5:00 p.m. — Last day for a candidate in a political subdivision (other than a county) to file an application for a place on the ballot for general election for officers for most political subdivisions, except as otherwise provided by the Texas Election Code. (Secs. 143.007(c); 144.005(d); Sec. 11.055, Education Code; Chapter 286, Health & Safety Code). See Candidacy Filing outline for more details.

NOTE:A home-rule city’s charter may not provide an alternate candidate filing deadline. (Secs. 143.005(a); 143.007).

NOTE: An application submitted by mail is considered to be filed at the time of its receipt by the appropriate filing authority. (Secs. 143.007(b); 144.005(b)).

Political Subdivisions Other Than Counties (General Election): Deadline for political subdivisions to order a general election to be held on Tuesday, November 6, 2018. (Sec. 3.005). One of the following forms may be used:

Political Subdivisions Other Than Counties (Special Election): Deadline to order a special election on a measure or a special election to fill a vacancy (if authorized to fill vacancies by special election) to be held on the date of the November General Election for state and county officers. An application may not be filed before the special election is ordered, and in addition to the information stated below, the order must state the filing deadline. (Secs. 201.051(b); 201.054(c), (d)). The following form may be used:

Counties: Deadline for counties to order a general election or a special election on a measure to be held on Tuesday, November 6, 2018. (Secs. 3.004; 3.005). The following forms may be used:

The order must include:

  1. The date of the election;
  2. The offices or measures to be voted on;
  3. The location of the main early voting polling place;
  4. (Recommended) Branch early voting polling places (see Note 9, above);
  5. The dates and hours for early voting (recommended for counties and cities, but required for all other entities). (Cities must include the two designated weekdays for which early voting will be held for 12 hours);
  6. The dates and hours of any Saturday and Sunday early voting (if applicable, it is recommended that this information be included in the order for counties and cities, but it must be included for all other entities); and
  7. The early voting clerk’s official mailing address.

In addition to the information included above, an order for a debt obligation (bond) election must include (Sec. 3.009):

  1. the proposition language that will appear on the ballot;
  2. the purpose for which the debt obligations are to be authorized;
  3. the principal amount of the debt obligations to be authorized;
  4. that taxes sufficient to pay the annual principal of and interest on the debt obligations may be imposed;
  5. a statement of the estimated tax rate if the debt obligations are authorized or of the maximum interest rate of the debt obligations or any series of the debt obligations, based on the market conditions at the time of the election order;
  6. the maximum maturity date of the debt obligations to be authorized or that the debt obligations may be issued to mature over a specified number of years not to exceed 40;
  7. the aggregate amount of the outstanding principal of the political subdivision's debt obligations as of the beginning of the political subdivision's fiscal year in which the election is ordered;
  8. the aggregate amount of the outstanding interest on debt obligations of the political subdivision as of the beginning of the political subdivision's fiscal year in which the election is ordered; and
  9. the ad valorem debt service tax rate for the political subdivision at the time the election is ordered, expressed as an amount per $100 valuation of taxable property.

Recommended date to order the lists of registered voters from the county voter registrar. The list should include both the voters’ residences and mailing addresses in order to conduct early voting by mail. (Sec. 18.006). The political subdivision should confirm that the most recent maps or boundary changes have been provided to the voter registrar.

Recommended date to confirm telephone number for the county voter registrar’s office on election day.

Recommended date to order election supplies, other than ballots. (Subchapter A, Chapter 51).

Political Subdivisions Other Than Counties: Recommended date to appoint presiding and alternate judges. Currently, the Election Code does not establish a deadline for appointing election officials; there is only a notification deadline. For further information concerning procedures for appointing judges and their alternates, see Sections 32.005, 32.008, and 32.011. General eligibility requirements are found in Subchapter C, Chapter 32. In addition to appointing a judge and alternate judge for each election precinct pursuant to Sections 32.001 and 32.005, the governing body must allow the judge to appoint no less than two clerks; however, the alternate judge must serve as one of the clerks as a matter of law. (Secs. 32.032; 32.033). The presiding judge then appoints an additional clerk(s), but not more than the maximum set by the governing body. (Sec. 32.033). Presiding judges and their alternates must be given a Notice of Appointment (PDF) not later than the 20th day after the appointment is made. (Sec. 32.009). If the appointment is for a single election, the notice may be combined with the Writ of Election (PDF), which is required to be delivered to each presiding judge not later than the 15th day before the election, Monday, October 22, 2018. (Secs. 4.007; 32.009(e)). If the notices are combined, both must be delivered by the date required by the earlier notice.

NOTE: If you are conducting a joint election with the county, please be advised that the Election Code places many requirements on the method of selecting people who must be appointed by the county to work in the November General Election for state and county officers. See Sections 32.002 and 32.034, Election Code.

NOTE - Water Districts: A water district is not required to provide a Notice of Appointment to a presiding judge, as required under Section 32.009, but must provide a Writ of Election (PDF). (Sec. 4.007; Sec. 49.110, Water Code).

Recommended date to appoint the presiding judge of the early voting ballot board or to designate the election workers of one election precinct to serve as the early voting ballot board. (Secs. 87.001; 87.002, and 87.004). There is no statutory notice requirement for members of the early voting ballot board, but good practice suggests that written notice be given to them.

Recommended date to appoint the central counting station personnel (manager, tabulation supervisor and assistants to the tabulation supervisor) if applicable. (Secs. 127.002; 127.003; 127.004; 127.005). There is no statutory notice requirement for members of the central counting station, but good practice suggests that written notice be given to them.

Thursday, August 23, 2018 (75th day before Election Day, 4th day before recommended ballot drawing date)

Political Subdivisions Other Than Counties and Legislative Vacancies: 6:00 p.m. — Last day to file an application for a place on the ballot ora Declaration of Write-In Candidacy (PDF) in a special election to fill a vacancy to be held on the date of the November General Election for state and county officers. (Sec. 201.054(f), (g) as amended by House Bill 2323 (2017)). Note: For future reference, please note that this deadline is not the same for elections held on the May uniform election date or on the November uniform election date in an odd-numbered year.

For an election held by political subdivision other than a county or city, the authority conducting the ballot position drawing shall mail written notice of the date, hour, and place of the drawing to candidates by this date if the drawing is to be conducted on Monday, August 27, 2018, as recommended. (Sec. 52.094(d)). If a candidate in a special election files on this date, they should be given a copy of the notice at the time they file.

For an election held at county expense or a city election, on receipt of a candidate’s written request accompanied by a stamped, self-addressed envelope, the authority conducting the ballot position drawing shall mail written notice of the date, hour, and place of the drawing to the candidate. We recommend sending such notices by this date, if drawing is to be conducted on Monday, August 27, 2018, as recommended. (Sec. 52.094(d)).

Friday, August 24, 2018 (74th day before Election Day)

Counties: Deadline for a party nominee or independent candidate in the November General Election for state and county officers to withdraw from the election. (Secs. 145.032; 145.062).

Counties: Last day on which death, declaration of ineligibility, or withdrawal of a party nominee or an independent candidate for the November General Election for state and county officers causes an omission of the candidate’s name from the ballot. (Secs. 145.035; 145.039; 145.064; 145.065). For certain exceptions regarding deceased candidates, please see Section 145.064(b)).

NOTE: Withdrawal request submitted by mail must be received by appropriate authority by this date. (Sec. 145.001(c)). A withdrawal request must also be sworn, and candidates may use the Certificate of Withdrawal (PDF). (Sec. 145.001(b)).

If a vacancy occurs on or before this date in a state, district, or county office not regularly scheduled for election in 2018, due to death, resignation, or removal of the officeholder, the unexpired term of the office shall be placed on the November 6, 2018 election ballot. (Sec. 202.002(a)). An appointment to fill the vacancy continues until the next succeeding general election and until a successor has been elected and has qualified for the office. Also, depending on the effective date of the vacancy, the office may also be voted on in the next succeeding primary election. (Secs. 202.002(b); 202.004). See Election Advisory No. 2017-08.

Political Subdivisions Other Than Counties: 5:00 p.m. — Deadline for write-in candidates to file Declarations of Write-In Candidacy (PDF) for regular officers for city, school district, library district, junior college district, hospital district, common school districts, Chapter 36 and 49 Water Code districts, and other political subdivision elections, unless otherwise provided by law. (Secs. 144.006(b); 146.054(b);146.055, Election Code; Secs. 11.056; 11.304; 130.0825, Education Code; Secs. 326.0431; 326.0432, Local Government Code; Sec. 285.131, Health and Safety Code; and Secs. 36.059; 49.101; 63.0945, Water Code).See Candidacy Filing outline for more details.

NOTE: An application submitted by mail is considered to be filed at the time of its receipt by the appropriate filing authority. (Secs. 143.007(b); 144.005(b)).

Political Subdivisions Other Than Counties: If you plan on holding your ballot position drawing on Monday, August 27, 2018, then your Notice of Drawing for Place on Ballot (PDF) of such drawing should be posted today. The notice must be posted for 72 hours immediately preceding the time of the drawing.(Sec. 52.094(c)).

Monday, August 27, 2018 (71st day before Election Day) (LBJ Holiday)

Political Subdivisions Other Than Counties: The Elections Division recommends that you hold your ballot position drawing no later than today to determine the order of candidates’ names on the ballot (Sec. 52.094) and that you certify today to the county election officer the offices, propositions (in all necessary languages), and candidates’ names (including the order) as they are to appear on the ballot, if you are contracting to have the county conduct your election or if you are conducting a joint election with the county.

NOTE: After the ballot drawing has occurred, the Elections Division recommends that you proof and test your ballot programming as soon as possible and prior to the deadline to mail a ballot if the political subdivision will be using automatic tabulating equipment to count the mail ballots or if your mail ballots are printed from the same database used to program your precinct scanners and/or DREs (See Note 12 prior to Calendar of Events). The Elections Division also recommends that you provide candidates with copies of ballot proofs so that candidates may verify the correctness of their names, positions sought, and order of names on the ballot.

NOTE:Ballot position for the November General Election for state and county officers is determined by  Sections 52.091 and 52.092, Election Code.

Tuesday, August 28, 2018 (70th day before Election Day)

Legislative Vacancies: Last day for all candidates (including write-in candidates) to withdraw from a special election to fill a legislative vacancy. (Secs. 146.083; 145.092(a)).

Counties: 5:00 p.m. — Deadline for party chair to deliver replacement nominee or nominee to fill vacancy in an unexpired term to the appropriate officer (for a vacancy in an office that would not normally be on the 2018 ballot and that occurred after December 6, 2017 but not later than August 24, 2018). (Secs. 1.006; 145.036; 145.037(e); 171.022; 201.022; 202.006). See Texas Sec’y of State Advisory No. 2017-08 for further information on this deadline and related procedures.*

Political Subdivisions Other Than Counties: 5:00 p.m. — Last day for a candidate to withdraw from a general election, by submission of a notarized Certificate of Withdrawal (PDF) or a notarized letter, or to be declared ineligible. If a candidate withdraws or is declared ineligible by this date, his or her name is omitted from the ballot. (Secs. 1.006; 146.054(c); 145.092(f); 145.094(a)(4)); 145.096(a)(4)).*

Political Subdivisions Other Than Counties: Last day for a candidate to withdraw from a special election, by submission of a notarized Certificate of Withdrawal (PDF) or a notarized letter, or to be declared ineligible. If a candidate withdraws or is declared ineligible by this date, his or her name is omitted from the ballot. (Secs. 1.006; 145.092(a)).*

Counties and Other Political Subdivisions: 5:00 p.m. — Last day to withdraw as a write-in candidate in the general election for state and county officers, or a general or special election ordered by a political subdivision other than a county, (Secs. 1.006; 144.006(c); 146.0301; 146.054(c)). Candidates may use the Certificate of Withdrawal (PDF).*

Political Subdivisions Other Than Counties: Recommended first day that a general or special election may be cancelled if all filing deadlines have passed, each candidate for an office listed on the ballot is unopposed (except as discussed below), and write-in votes may be counted only for names appearing on a list of write-in candidates. (The Certification of Unopposed Candidates for Other Political Subdivisions (PDF) may be used to certify candidates as unopposed. Also, see our Sample Order of Cancellation (PDF).

A special election of a political subdivision is considered to be a separate election with a separate ballot from a general election for officers of the same political subdivision held at the same time as the special election. Therefore, the fact that there may be a proposition on the ballot will not prevent a cancellation of an election for candidates who are unopposed. (Sec. 2.051(a)). If any members of the political subdivision’s governing body are elected from territorial units, such as single member districts, an election may be cancelled in a particular territorial unit if each candidate for an office that is to appear on the ballot in that territorial unit is unopposed and no opposed at-large race is to appear on the ballot. An unopposed at-large race may be cancelled in an election regardless of whether an opposed race is to appear on the ballot in a particular territorial unit. (Sec. 2.051(b)). This recommended cancellation deadline considers a regular filing deadline of Monday, August 20, 2018, a special election filing deadline of Thursday, August 23, 2018, and a write-in deadline of Friday, August 24, 2018. For additional information, consult the outline on Cancellation of Election for Local Political Subdivisions.

*The deadlines referenced above are extended to the next regular business day which is Tuesday, August 28, 2018 due to the deadline falling on Monday, August 27, 2018 which falls on a holiday, LBJ Day. (Sec. 1.006).

Thursday, August 30, 2018 (68th day before Election Day)

Deadline for Secretary of State (federal, state and district offices) and county judge (countywide and precinct offices) to certify names of independent and declared write-in candidates to county election officer for placement on the November 6, 2018 ballot. (Secs. 142.010; 146.029(c)).

Deadline for Secretary of State to certify to county election officer names of party nominees for statewide and district offices for placement on November 6, 2018 ballot, and deadline for Secretary of State to post major party nominees for county and precinct offices. (Secs. 161.008; 172.117).

September

Friday, September 7, 2018 (60th day before Election Day)

Political Subdivisions Other Than Counties: Last day for the governing body of a political subdivision to deliver notice of the election to the county election officer and voter registrar of each county in which the political subdivision is wholly or partly located. (Sec. 4.008).

Recommended date for county clerk/county elections administrator to deliver an initial list of voters who have submitted annual applications for ballot by mail under Section 86.0015 and scans or photocopies of those applications to the early voting clerk of any political subdivision located within the county that is holding an election on November 6, 2018. The list should only include voters that reside in the political subdivision holding the election. The list should only be created and sent to those political subdivisions that have provided notice of the election to the county clerk/elections administrator.See also, the note below and the entry at Friday, October 26, 2018 for more information about delivery of a final list of voters. See entry at October 25, 2018 and entry at November 3, 2018 for more information on the delivery of copies/images of the applications.

NOTE: Section 86.0015 requires the county clerk/elections administrator to provide a list of voters that have submitted an annual application for ballot by mail to all political subdivisions in their county holding an election. The law only applies to elections for which the county clerk/elections administrator is not the early voting clerk via a contract for election services or joint election agreement. The Election Division strongly recommends that the county and political subdivisions discuss the frequency and method for which these lists should be transmitted to ensure that ballots are sent out in a timely manner. Finally, the county clerk/elections administrator must deliver either photocopies or scanned images of the applications (under Section 87.126) to the early voting clerk of the political subdivision before the ballots by mail are delivered to the early voting ballot board for qualifying and counting under Section 87.041.

Monday, September 10, 2018 (58th day before Election Day; 21st day after August 20, 2018)

Political Subdivisions Other Than Counties: Last day to notify election judges of their appointment if they were appointed, as recommended, on Monday, August 20, 2018. (Secs. 1.006, 32.009(b)). Presiding and alternate judges must be notified (PDF) of their appointment in writing, not later than the 20th day after the date the appointment is made. The deadline is extended to the next regular business day which is Monday, September 10, 2018 due to the 20th day falling on Sunday, September 9, 2018.

The notice of the judge’s duty to conduct the election (Writ of Election (PDF)) pursuant to Section 4.007 may be combined with the above notice, if the appointment is for a single election only. If the notices are NOT combined, then the notice of the judge’s duty to conduct the election (writ of election) must be delivered not later than the 15th day before election day, Monday, October 22, 2018.

Monday, September 17, 2018 (50th day before Election Day)

Last day to publish notice (PDF) for testing of automatic tabulation equipment testing and logic and accuracy testing (L&A testing) of a voting system that uses direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines and precinct scanners if test will be completed by recommended deadline of Wednesday, September 19, 2018. Notice of the public tests must be published at least 48 hours before the test begins. (Secs. 127.093; 127.096; 129.022; 129.023). See Note 12, above.

Monday, September 17, 2018 - Sunday, December 16, 2018 (50th day before Election Day through 40th day after Election Day)

Mandatory Office Hours: Each county clerk, city secretary or secretary of a governing body (or the person performing duties of a secretary) must keep the office open for election duties for at least 3 hours each day, during regular office hours, on regular business days. (Sec. 31.122).

NOTE for Independent School Districts: A “regular business day” means a day on which the school district’s main business office is regularly open for business. (Sec. 31.122(b)).

NOTE - Special Elections: In the case of a special election, the office hour rule is triggered starting the third day after the special election is ordered. (Sec. 31.122).

Wednesday, September 19, 2018 (48th day before Election Day)

Recommended date to conduct the first test of the automatic tabulating equipment and for logic and accuracy (L&A test) test on precinct scanners and DREs. (Secs. 127.093; 127.096; 129.022; 129.023). The SOS recommends you complete your first round of testing prior to mailing your mail ballots if those ballots will be counted using automatic tabulation equipment. If you conduct your first round of testing by this date, you must publish notice of the test 48 hours prior to testing.  See Note 12, above.

Friday, September 21, 2018 (46th day before Election Day)

Deadline to challenge the filing of an application for a place on the ballot as to form, content, and procedure, if the ballots are mailed on the 45th day before election day, Saturday, September 22, 2018. This deadline will change if any ballots were mailed prior to the 45th day before election day. (Sec. 141.034).

NOTE – NEW LAW: Section 141.034 as amended by Senate Bill 44 (85th Legislature, RS, 2017) provides that an application for a place on the ballot may not be challenged for compliance with the applicable requirements as to form, content, and procedure after the day before any ballot to be voted early by mail is mailed.

Saturday, September 22, 2018 (45th day before Election Day)

Deadline to mail ballots to military or overseas voters who already submitted their ballot requests via a federal postcard application (FPCA) or via a standard application for ballot by mail (ABBM) and indicated that they are outside the United States. Ballots must be mailed by this date or the 7th day after the clerk receives the application. If the early voting clerk cannot meet this 45th-day deadline, the clerk must notify the Secretary of State within 24 hours. (Sec. 86.004(b)).

NOTE: The 45th Day deadline under Section 86.004(b) is not extended by Section 1.006 to the next business day. The ballots covered by Section 86.004(b) should be sent out on or before Saturday, September 22, 2018.

Reminder Regarding FPCAs and Overseas ABBMs: If the EV clerk receives an FPCA (from a military or non-military voter) after the 45th day deadline, then the ballot must be mailed within seven days after the EV clerk receives the FPCA. (Secs. 86.004(b); 101.104).

Reminder Regarding ABBMs: If the domestic ABBM (i.e. a voter who is not overseas) is received before the 45th day, the EV clerk must mail the ballot no later than the 30th day before election day. (Sec. 86.004(a)). If the domestic or overseas ABBM is received after the 45th day before election day, then the EV clerk must mail the ballot no later than the 7th day after the EV clerk accepts the ABBM. (Sec. 86.004(a)).

Monday, September 24, 2018 (43rd day before Election Day, 28th day before early voting begins)

Last day for county chairs to supplement list of names for early voting officer list. (Secs. 1.006; 85.009). The deadline is extended to the next regular business day which is Monday, September 24, 2018 due to September 22, 2018 falling on a Saturday.

October

Monday, October 1, 2018 (36th day before Election Day)

Deadline for the Secretary of State to mail each county judge a copy of the Governor’s proclamation ordering the November General Election for state and county officers. (Sec. 3.003(c)).

Counties: Deadline to receive a petition signed by 15 registered voters by the early voting clerk requesting that a signature verification committee be created. A request submitted by mail is considered to be submitted at the time of its receipt by the early voting clerk. (Sec. 87.027(a-1)).

Friday, October 5, 2018 (32nd day before Election Day)

Recommended date for early voting clerk to issue order calling for appointment of signature verification committee. (Sec. 87.027). This form may be used to issue order: Order Calling for Signature Verification Committee (PDF). If the signature verification committee will start meeting on October 17, 2018, early voting clerk must post a copy of the order calling for appointment of the signature verification committee on or before this date, in order to give notice of the meeting. The order must remain posted continuously for at least 10 days before the first day the committee meets. (Sec. 87.027).

Sunday, October 7, 2018 (30th day before Election Day)

First day of period during which notice of election must be published if another method of giving notice is not specified by a law outside the Election Code, and publication is the method of giving notice selected. (Sec. 4.003(a)(1)). The notice for elections ordered by a county or by an authority of a city or school district must be given by publication in a newspaper in addition to any other method specified by a law outside the Election Code. (Sec. 4.003(c) and (d)). This notice may be combined with the other notices you are required to publish. See Note 8.  

Cities, Schools, and Other Political Subdivisions: It is strongly recommended that the Notice of Voting Order Priority (PDF) for voters with mobility issues also be posted on the subdivision’s website, if one is maintained by the political subdivision. (Secs. 63.0013; 85.007(d)). For more information on this requirement, see Note 13.

NOTE: Notice of Change of Polling Place Location: For elections ordered by the governor or county   judge only, if the location of the polling place changes after notice has been given under Section 4.003, and the county election officer maintains a website to inform voters about elections, the notice of the change must be posted on the website. The notice on the website must be given not later than the earlier of 24 hours after the location was changed or 72 hours before the polls open on election day. (Sec.43.061).

NOTE: Notice of Previous Polling Place: If a different polling place is being used than at the previous election held by the same authority, Notice of Previous Precinct (PDF) must be posted at the entrance of the previous polling place informing voters of the current polling place location, if possible. (Sec. 43.062).

Tuesday, October 9, 2018 (28th day before Election Day)

Last day to register to vote for the Tuesday, November 6, 2018 election. (Secs. 1.006; 13.143).  The deadline is extended to the next regular business day which is Tuesday, October 9, 2018 due to the 30th day falling on Sunday, October 7, 2018 and Monday, October 8, 2018 is a holiday, Columbus Day.  (Secs.13.143(e); 15.025(d)).

NOTE: A Federal Postcard Application (FPCA (PDF)) also serves as an application for permanent registration under Texas law unless the voter marked “do not intend to return” (2011 form), or “my return is not certain” (2017 form). The early voting clerk should make a copy (for mailing ballots, keeping records, etc.), then should forward the original to the county voter registrar, as soon as       practicable. (Sec. 101.055; 1 Tex. Admin. Code Sec. 81.40(a), (c)(2)).

Last day for a voter to make a change of address that will be effective for the November 6, 2018 election. A voter who submits a change of address after this date may still be eligible to return to his or her previous precinct to vote under “fail-safe” voting, if he or she still resides in the same county and the same local political subdivision, if applicable, conducting the election. (Secs. 15.025; 63.0011).

Recommended last day for early voting clerk to coordinate with the voter registrar receipt of supplemental and registration correction lists, if applicable, or coordinate receipt of revised original list from the voter registrar for early voting by personal appearance. (Secs. 18.001; 18.002; 18.003; 18.004).

Wednesday, October 10, 2018 (27th day before Election Day)

Deadline for the county elections board to appoint (PDF) a signature verification committee (if one was ordered not later than Friday, October 5, 2018 at the discretion of the county election officer and not required due to petition by 15 registered voters. The members must be appointed not later than the fifth day after the order was issued by the early voting clerk. The county elections board must post a notice of the appointment of committee members continuously until the last day the signature verification committee meets. (Sec. 87.027). This form may be used for the notice: Notice of Appointment of Signature Verification Committee (PDF).

Friday, October 12, 2018 (25th day before Election Day)

Counties: Deadline for Democratic and Republican County Chairs to submit to the precinct presiding judges for each election day precinct, a list containing at least two persons who are eligible to serve as election clerks, in order to secure appointment of clerks affiliated or aligned with their respective parties. (Sec. 32.034(b)).

Monday, October 15, 2018 (22nd day before Election Day)

Counties: Deadline for county elections board to appoint (PDF) signature verification committee, if a valid petition requesting one to be created was presented to the early voting clerk by the deadline, Monday, October 1, 2018. (Sec. 87.027(a-1), (c)).

Tuesday, October 16, 2018 (21st day before Election Day)

Last day to post notice of election on bulletin board used for posting notices of meetings of governing body. (Sec. 4.003(b)). A Record of Posting Notice of Election (PDF) should be completed at the time of posting. (Sec. 4.005).

Last day to post notice of election in each election precinct, if the method of giving notice is not specified by a law outside the Election Code and notice is given by this method in lieu of publication. (Sec. 4.003(a)(2)).  A Record of Posting Notice of Election (PDF) should be completed at the time of posting. (Sec. 4.005).

NOTE for All Political Subdivisions: The election notice shall be posted on the political subdivision’s website, if the political subdivision maintains a website.

NOTE for Counties: The recommended time to include the notice of voting order priority for voters with mobility issues on a county website is when the notice of election is also posted on the website. (Secs. 63.0013; 85.007(d)). See Note 13 on voting order priority for voters with mobility issues.

Wednesday, October 17, 2018 (20th day before Election Day; 5th day before the first day of early voting in person)

Counties: Last day to petition for temporary branch polling place(s) in a county with a population of 100,000 to 120,000, if the voting at those branch locations is to begin on the first day of early voting, Monday, October 22, 2018. (Secs. 85.062(d)(3); 85.067).

Counties: Last day to post notice (PDF) of places, days, and hours for voting at branch early voting polling place if voting is to begin at that location on the first day of early voting in person. The schedule may be amended after the beginning of early voting by personal appearance to include notice of additional branch locations, but any amendment must be made and posted not later than the fifth day before voting begins at the additional temporary branch. (Secs. 85.062(d)(3); 85.067(c)).

Last day for a person to apply for a full ballot by mail using an FPCA, if the person is not a registered voter but meets the requirements under Title 2 of the Texas Election Code. (Secs.101.052(e) & 101.055(a)). (If the voter marks the FPCA form indicating “indefinitely” (older form) or “do not intend to return” (newer form), the voter receives a federal-only ballot.) Postmark with this date on the FPCA is proof that the applicant submitted the FPCA by this deadline. See Monday, October 22, 2018 for timeliness of an FPCA received without a postmark. (Sec. 101.052(e), (i)).

NOTE: Be sure to check the list of registered voters for permanent registration status. Also, state law authorizes an FPCA to also serve as an application for permanent registration; therefore, the person might be permanently-registered based on a prior-FPCA. Even if the FPCA arrives too late for a particular election, the early voting clerk will still need to forward the original FPCA to the county voter registrar, aftermaking a copy for your early voting clerk’s use (mailing ballots, etc.) and records. (Sec. 101.055; 1 Tex. Admin. Code Sec. 81.40).

NOTE: Overseas (non-military) voters marking the FPCA “do not intend to return” (2011 form) or “my return is not certain” (2017 form) receive a federal ballot only regardless of the date filed. (Chapter 114). In a local (non-federal) election, this means there is no ballot to send the voter.

Last day to publish notice of L&A test for voting systems if test will be held on Friday, October 19, 2018, if testing has was not already completed by September 19, 2018. Notice of the public L&A Test must be published at least 48 hours before the test begins. (Secs. 129.001; 129.023). See Note 12, above.

First day that a signature verification committee, if one is appointed, may begin operating. (Sec. 87.027(f)).

Thursday, October 18, 2018 – Friday, October 26, 2018 (19th day before Election Day - 11th day before Election Day)

A person submitting an FPCA (PDF) during this period who is not registered to vote is not entitled to receive a ballot for any non-federal election held on Tuesday, November 6, 2018. See entry below under October 22, 2018 (FPCA without a postmark). (Secs. 84.007; 101.052(e),(f)). The early voting clerk is required to maintain this application since it may be used for other elections

NOTE: Overseas (non-military) voters marking the FPCA “do not intend to return” (2011 form) or “my return is not certain” (2017 form) receive a federal ballot only regardless of the date filed. (Chapter 114). In a local (non-federal) election, this means there is no ballot to send the voter.

Friday, October 19, 2018 (18th day before Election Day; at least 48 hours before early voting begins)

Last day for a voter to hand-deliver their application for a ballot by mail. (Sec. 84.008).

If a defective application to vote early by mail is received on or before this date, the early voting clerk must mail the applicant a new application with explanation of defects and instructions for submitting the new application. For defective applications received after this date and before the end of early voting by personal appearance, the early voting clerk must mail only the Notice of Defective Application for Ballot by Mail (PDF) and a statement that the voter is not entitled to vote early by mail unless he or she submits a sufficient application by the deadline, which is Friday, October 26, 2018. (Secs. 84.007(c); 86.008).

Last day to conduct public L&A test of a voting system. We highly recommend that this test is done on an earlier date to allow time for corrections to programming, if necessary. (See Note 12, above). Per Section 129.023, the L&A test shall be conducted not later than 48 hours before voting begins on such voting systems, assuming that the voting system will first be used for early voting in person.

Monday, October 22, 2018 (15th day before Election Day)

First day to vote early in person. (Sec. 85.001)

NOTE: The early voting period for the general election begins 17 days prior to election day, but because this day falls on a weekend (Saturday, October 20, 2018), it is extended to the next regular business day, Monday, October 22, 2018. (Sec. 85.001(c)).

NOTE: About branch early voting in a general election for state and county officers. The commissioners court:

  1. in a county with a population of 400,000 or more, must establish one or more temporary polling places, other than the main early voting polling place, in each state representative district containing territory covered by the election. The temporary polling place(s) must remain open the same days as the main early voting polling place, but the commissioners court determines the hours during which voting is to be conducted, unless a written request signed by 15 registered voters requesting the same number of hours as the main polling place is timely filed with the commissioners court;
  2. in a county with a population of 120,000 or more but less than 400,000, must establish one or more temporary polling places, other than the main early voting polling place, in each commissioners precinct containing territory covered by the election. The temporary polling place(s) must remain open the same days as the main early voting polling place, but the commissioners court determines the hours during which voting is to be conducted, unless a written request signed by 15 registered voters requesting the same number of hours as the main polling place is timely filed with the commissioners court; or
  3. in a county with a population of 100,000 or more but less than 120,000, must establish one or more early voting polling places in each commissioners precinct for which the commissioners court receives a timely filed written request signed by at least 15 registered voters of that precinct. The temporary polling place(s) must remain open the same days as the main early voting polling place, but the commissioners court determines the hours during which voting is to be conducted, unless a written request signed by 15 registered voters requesting the same number of hours as the main polling place is timely filed with the commissioners court. (Secs. 85.062; 85.064).

NOTE: If a county has a population under 100,000, the location, days, and hours of temporary branch    locations may be established only by the commissioners court. No petition process is available. (Sec.85.065).

NOTE: A temporary branch polling place that is “movable” may be established only with the approval of the county clerk. If a movable temporary branch polling place is established on the request of a political party, each political party whose nominee for governor in the most recent gubernatorial general election received more than 10 percent of the total number of votes received by all candidates for governor in the 2014 election is entitled to the establishment of such a polling place. The election officers serving a polling place covered by this subsection must be appointed from the list submitted by the county chairs to the early voting clerk. (Sec. 85.062(e)).

If early voting by personal appearance is required to be conducted for extended hours or for weekend hours, the county voter registrar’s office is required to remain open for providing voter registration information during the extended hours or weekend hours that the main early voting polling place is open for voting. (Secs. 12.004(d); 85.005(c); 85.006(e)).

NOTE: Voting by limited ballot must be done during the early voting period (or by mail). (Sec.112.002(a)).

Political subdivisions other than cities and counties: Early voting in person must be conducted for at least eight (8) hours each weekday that is not a legal state holiday unless the political subdivision has fewer than 1,000 registered voters, in which case early voting in person must be conducted for at least three (3) hours per day. (Sec. 85.005).

Cities and counties: Early voting in person must be conducted on the weekdays of the early voting period and during the hours that the county clerk’s or city secretary’s main business office is regularly open for business. (Sec. 85.005). However, because cities and counties must have office hours for election-related business at least three hours every business day for this type of election (see note at 50th day before election entry, Monday, September 17, 2018), we harmonize these requirements with the result that, if a city or county is not regularly open for business on one or more week days, on those “closed” days a city or a county must conduct early voting for at least three (3) hours a day at the main early voting location (except for a city’s two 12-hour days, when it must be open for the full 12 hours).

Joint elections: If conducting early voting by personal appearance jointly, we recommend a unified schedule covering all requirements; i.e., no entity’s requirements should be neglected or subtracted as a result of a joint agreement.

NOTE for Cities: Cities must choose two weekdays for the main early voting polling location to be open for 12 hours during the regular early voting period. The city council must choose the two weekdays. (Sec. 85.005(d)).

NOTE to Independent School Districts: Despite the change in state law that allows an ISD to be closed on school holidays during the mandatory office hours period, you are strong>required to be open during the entire early voting period except on legal state and national holidays.

If an FPCA (PDF) is received by this date without a postmark to prove mailing date, the early voting clerk will accept the FPCA and mail the applicant a full ballot even if the applicant is not a permanently registered voter but meets the requirements under Title 2 of the Election Code (unless the voter marks the FPCA form indicating the voter “does not intend to return” (2011 form), or “my return is not certain” (2017 form), in which case the voter receives a federal-only ballot). (Sec. 101. 052(i)).

Last day to notify election judges of duty to hold election (Writ of Election (PDF) and (Writ of Election – General Election for State and County Officers (PDF)). Notice must be given by the 15th day before the election or the 7th day after the day the election is ordered, whichever is later. The Writ of Election must be given to each presiding judge and include:

  1. The judge’s duty to hold the election;
  2. The type and date of election;
  3. The polling place location at which the judge will serve;
  4. The polling place hours; and
  5. The maximum number of clerks the judge may appoint. (Sec. 4.007).

Tuesday, October 23, 2018 (14th day before Election Day)

NOTE for Counties: Deadline to file a petition (PDF) in the November General Election for state and county officers to require the early voting clerk of a county with a population under 100,000 to conduct extended early voting for 12 hours on the last Saturday of the early voting period, October 27, 2018. (Secs. 85.006(e); 85.007). Notice of weekend voting (PDF) must be posted beginning no later than Wednesday, October 24, 2018 and continuing through Friday, October 26, 2018. (Sec. 85.007(c)).

Deadline to file a petition in the November General Election for state and county officers to require the early voting clerk of a county with a population of 100,000 or more to conduct extended early voting for 12 hours on each weekday of the last week (Monday, October 29, 2018 through Friday, November 2, 2018) at all required temporary branch locations created under Section 85.062(d) of the Code. Notice of extended hours must be posted beginning no later than Wednesday,October 24, 2018 and continuing through Friday, November 2, 2018. (Secs. 85.064(b); 85.067).

Deadline to file a petition (PDF) in the November General Election for state and county officers to require the early voting clerk of a county with a population under 100,000 to conduct extended early voting at the main early voting polling place for 12 hours on each weekday of the last week of the early voting period (Monday, October 29, 2018 through Friday, November 2, 2018). Notice of extended hours (PDF) must be posted beginning no later than Wednesday, October 24, 2018 and continuing through Friday, November 2, 2018. (Secs. 85.005(c); 85.067).

NOTE for Cities: Deadline to file a petition (PDF) to require the early voting clerk of a city to conduct extended early early voting on the last Saturday of the early voting period, October 27, 2018 (Sec. 85.006(d)). Notice of weekend voting (PDF) must be posted beginning no later than Wednesday, October 24, 2018 and continuing through Friday, October 26, 2018. (Sec. 85.007(c)).

Wednesday, October 24, 2018 (13th day before Election Day; 72 hours preceding first hour Saturday early voting will be conducted)

NOTE for Counties : Deadline to file a petition (PDF) in the November General Election for state and county officers to require the early voting clerk of a county with a population under 100,000 to conduct extended early voting for 5 hours on Sunday, October 28, 2018. (Sec. 85.006(e)). Notice of weekend voting (PDF) must be posted beginning no later than Thursday, October 25, 2018 and continuing through Saturday, October 27, 2018. (Sec. 85.007(c)).

NOTE for Cities: Deadline to file a petition (PDF) to require the early voting clerk of a city to conduct extended early early voting on the last Sunday of the early voting period, October 28, 2018 (Sec. 85.006(d)).  Notice of weekend voting (PDF) must be posted beginning no later than Thursday, October 25, 2018 and continuing through Saturday, October 27, 2018. (Sec. 85.007(c)).

Counties and Cities Only: Last day to post notice on bulletin board for posting notice of meetings for the commissioners court and city council if early voting will be conducted on Saturday,October 27, 2018. (Sec. 85.007). Notice must be posted at least 72 hours before early voting begins on a Saturday or Sunday. If the County Clerk or City Secretary on her own motion by written order orders early voting on Saturday or Sunday OR if the County Clerk or City Secretary orders Saturday or Sunday voting after being petitioned to do so by at least 15 registered voters, such voting need not be included in the regular order or notice of the election. (Secs. 85.006(b), (d) and 85.007(b), (c)).

Note for all Political Subdivisions, except Counties and Cities: Voting on ANY Saturday or Sunday ordered by the governing body on its own motion (i.e., not petitioned for by 15 registered voters) must be included in the order and notice of election. (Secs. 85.006; 85.007(a)).

NOTE: Section 85.007, as amended by House Bill 2721 (2015), requires that the election notice, which includes the days and hours of early voting be posted on the political subdivision’s website, if the political subdivision maintains a website.

Thursday, October 25, 2018 (12th day before Election Day; day before the last day to apply for a ballot by mail)

Counties and Cities Only: Last day to post notice on bulletin board for posting notice of meetings of the commissioners court or city council, if early voting will be conducted on Sunday, October 28, 2018. (Sec. 85.007). Notice must be posted at least 72 hours before early voting begins on a Saturday or Sunday. See entry at Wednesday, October 24, 2018.

A voter who becomes sick or disabled on or after this date may vote a late ballot if the sickness or disability prevents the voter from appearing at the polling place without the likelihood of needing personal assistance or of injuring his or her health. (Sec. 102.001). See Application for Emergency Early Voting Ballot Due to Sickness or Physical Disability (PDF).  An application may be submitted after the last day of the period for early voting by personal apeprance and before 5:00 p.m. on Election Day. (Sec. 102.003).

NOTE: Section 87.0222, as amended by Senate Bill 383 (2015), changed the first day that a county with a  population of 100,000 or more may begin processing and qualifying mail ballots beginning on the ninth day before the last day for early voting by personal appearance.

First day that counties with a population of 100,000 or more, or entities that are having joint elections with such a county, may convene their early voting ballot board and deliver by mail ballots to begin processing and qualifying mail ballots; however, the mail ballots may not be counted until (i) the polls open on election day, or (ii) in an election conducted by an authority of a county with a population of 100,000 or more or entities that are having joint elections with such a county, the end of the period for early voting in person. (Secs. 87.0222; 87.0241). The early voting clerk shall continuously post notice for 24 hours preceding each delivery of voting materials that is to be made before the time for opening the polls on election day. (Sec. 87.0222). NOTE: Results may not be released until the polls close on election day. See Notice of Delivery of Early Voting Balloting Materials (PDF), Notice of Delivery of Ballots Voted by Mail (PDF).

NOTE: The county clerk/elections administrator must ensure that photocopies or electronic recordings of annual applications for ballot by mail have been delivered to the early voting clerk of every political subdivision holding an election before the ballots by mail are delivered to the early voting ballot board.

Friday, October 26, 2018 (11th day before Election Day)

Last day to receive an FPCA (PDF) from a voter. If the voter is not registered in the county (and / or marked intent to return “not certain”),the voter is still eligible for a ballot containing federal offices only. In a local (non-federal) election, this means there is no ballot to send the voter. (Secs. 101.052(b), (f); 114.004(c)).

Last day for early voting clerk to receive applications for a ballot to be voted by mail. (Sec. 84.007(c). All applications to vote by mail must be received by the early voting clerk before the close of regular business or 12 noon, whichever is later. Applications to vote by mail must be submitted by mail, common or contract carrier, fax (if a fax machine is available in the office of the early voting clerk) or e-mail. The early voting clerk’s designated email address must be posted on the Secretary of State’s website. If a voter submits an application for ballot by mail via fax or e-mail, the early voting clerk must receive a copy via mail within 4 business days of the submission of the fax or e-mail (Sec. 84.007(c)).

NOTE - NEW LAW: SB 5 (85th Legislature, 1st CS, 2017) provides that if an ABBM is faxed or emailed or if an FPCA is faxed, then the applicant must submit the ORIGINAL application BY MAIL to the early voting clerk so that the early voting clerk receives the original no later than the 4th business day after receiving the emailed or faxed ABBM or faxed FPCA. If the early voting clerk does not receive the original ABBM or FPCA by that deadline, then the emailed or faxed ABBM or faxed FPCA will be considered incomplete, and the early voting clerk may NOT send the applicant a ballot. The requirement to mail the original application does not apply to an emailed FPCA. For additional information on this new l aw, please see Note 14, above.

Last day for county clerk/elections administrator to deliver final list of voters that have submitted an annual application for ballot by mail to political subdivisions located within the county holding an election on November 6, 2018, for which the county clerk/elections administrator is not the early voting clerk via a joint election agreement or contract for election services.

Saturday, October 27, 2018 (10th day before Election Day; last Saturday of early voting period)

Counties: In counties with populations of 100,000 or more, early voting must be conducted in the November General Election for state and county officers for at least 12 hours on last Saturday of the early voting period. (Sec. 85.006(e)). For counties under 100,000, voting on Saturday is only required if a proper petition (PDF) was received in a timely manner.See entry under Tuesday, October 23, 2018.

Cities:If a proper petition (PDF) was received in a timely manner, early voting must be conducted on last Saturday of the early voting period. See entry under Tuesday, October 23, 2018.

Last day of period during which notice of the November General Election for state and county officers and other elections ordered by a county or a city or school district must be published in a newspaper of general circulation. (Sec. 4.003(a)(1)).

NOTE: The election notice shall be posted on the political subdivision’s website, if the political subdivision maintains a website.

Last day to mail a copy of the notice of election to each registered voter of the territory that is covered by the election and is in the jurisdiction of the authority responsible for giving the notice if method of giving notice is not specified by a law outside the Texas Election Code and this method of giving notice is selected.

Sunday, October 28, 2018 (9th day before Election Day; last Sunday of early voting period)

Counties with a Population of 100,000 or More: In counties with populations of 100,000 or more, early voting must be conducted in the November General Election for state and county officers for at least 5 hours on last Sunday of the early voting period. (Sec. 85.006(e)). For counties under 100,000, voting on Sunday is only required if a proper petition (PDF) was received in a timely manner. See entry under Wednesday, October 24, 2018.

Cities: If a proper petition (PDF) was received in a timely manner, early voting must be conducted on last Sunday of the early voting period. See entry under Wednesday, October 24, 2018.

Monday, October 29 – Friday, November 2, 2018 (last week of early voting by personal appearance)

In counties with a population of 100,000 or more, the early voting clerk must keep the main polling place open for 12 hours each day for the November General Election for state and county officers. Early voting must be conducted at permanent branch locations for 12 hours each day. Early voting must be conducted for 12 hours on each weekday of the last week at a required temporary branch locations (created under Section 85.062(d) of the Code) if a written request signed by 15 registered voters was filed by Tuesday, October 23, 2018. Please note there is a 5-day notice posting requirement if the early voting clerk received a petition requesting these extended hours. (Secs. 85.005(c); 85.063; 85.064; 85.067).

Wednesday, October 31, 2018 (6th day and 4th business day before Election Day)

5:00 p.m. — Deadline to submit a Request for Election Inspectors (PDF) for election day, Tuesday, November 6, 2018 to the Secretary of State. (Sec. 34.001).

November

Thursday, November 1, 2018 (5th day before Election Day; day before the last day to vote early in person)

A voter is eligible to vote a late ballot if they will be out of their county of residence on election day due to a death in the immediate family (related within 2nd degree of consanguinity or affinity) that occurs on or after this day. The voter may submit the Application for Emergency Early Ballot Due to Death in Family (PDF) starting Saturday, November 3, 2018 (the day after early voting in person ends). (Secs. 103.001; 103.003(b)). An application may be submitted after the last day of the period for early voting by personal appearance before the close of business on the day before election day. (Sec. 103.003).

Deadline for the early voting clerk to receive, by mail, the original of an ABBM that was faxed or emailed or of an FPCA that was faxed on the deadline to apply for a ballot by mail, Friday, October 26, 2018.

NOTE – NEW LAW: SB 5(85th Legislature, 1st CS, 2017) provides that a voter who faxed or emailed     their ABBM or faxed their FPCA must mail the original to the early voting clerk so that the early voting clerk receives the original no later than the 4th business day after receiving the emailed or faxed ABBM or faxed FPCA. For more information, see Note 14.

Friday, November 2, 2018 (4th day before Election Day)

Last day to vote early by personal appearance. (Sec. 85.001(a)).

Early voting clerk must post Notice of Delivery of Ballots Voted by Mail (PDF) to the early voting ballot board if materials are to be delivered to the board on Saturday, November 3, 2018. Notice must be posted continuously for 24 hours preceding each delivery to the board. (Secs. 87.0221; 87.0222; 87.023; 87.024; 87.0241).

NOTE:  The Notice of Delivery of Early Voting Balloting Materials serves as notice of the convening of the early voting ballot board. Your entity should also post notice every time the early voting ballot board reconvenes.

Last day to publish notice of public test of automatic tabulating equipment, if test will be held on Sunday, November 4, 2018, and if the first test was not previously already completed. The public notice of the test of automatic tabulating equipment must be published at least 48 hours before the test begins. (Sec. 127.096).

Saturday, November 3, 2018 (3rd day before Election Day)

First day to submit an application (PDF) for and vote a late ballot because of a death in the immediate family that occurred on or after Thursday, November 1, 2018, and will require absence from the county on election day, November 6, 2018. (Secs. 103.001; 103.003(b)). An application may be submitted after the last day of the period for early voting by personal appearance before the close of business on the day before election day. (Sec. 103.003).

First day to submit an application (PDF) for and vote a late ballot because of sickness or disability that arose on or after Thursday, October 25, 2018. (Secs. 102.001; 102.003). An application may be submitted after the last day of the period for early voting by personal appearance and before 5:00 p.m. on Election Day. (Sec. 102.003).

First day that counties with a population of 100,000 or more (or local subdivisions conducting a joint election with such a county) may convene their early voting ballot board and begin counting ballots; however, the results may not be announced until after the polls close. (Secs. 87.0222; 87.0241).

NOTE: If a county with a population of 100,000 or more (or a local subdivision conducting a joint election with such a county) is convening their early voting ballot board early to begin counting ballots, and will be using automatic tabulating equipment, the test will need to be completed at least 48 hours before the           equipment is used to count ballots. (Secs. 87.0222; 87.0241; 127.096).

First day that all other counties and political subdivisions may convene their early voting ballot board for processing and qualifying mail ballots, but cannot begin counting the ballots until the polls open on election day. The early voting clerk shall continuously post notice for 24 hours preceding each delivery of voting materials that is to be made before the time for opening the polls on election day. (Secs. 87.0221; 87.023; 87.024; 87.0241).  See Notice of Delivery of Ballots Voted by Mail (PDF).

NOTE: The county clerk/elections administrator must ensure that photocopies or electronic recordings of annual applications for ballot by mail have been delivered to the early voting clerk of every political subdivision holding an election before the ballots by mail are delivered to the early voting ballot board.

Sunday, November 4, 2018 (2 days before Election Day)

Last day to conduct public test of automatic tabulation equipment. Per Section 127.093, the test shall be conducted at least 48 hours before the automatic tabulating equipment is used to count ballots voted in an election and was not previously tested. We highly recommend that this test is done on an earlier date to allow time for corrections to programming, if necessary. (See Note 12, above).

Monday, November 5, 2018 (1 day before Election Day)

Last day to submit an Application for Emergency Early Ballot Due to Death in Family (PDF). The application must be submitted by the close of business on this day. (Sec. 103.003(b)).

Last day for early voting clerk to mark the precinct list of registered voters with a notation beside each name of voter who voted early, and deliver list to election judges. The early voting clerk must also deliver the precinct early voting list. (Sec. 87.122). This may be delivered electronically if your county is using an e-poll book.

Delivery of Provisional Ballots and Forms: If the voter registrar wants to take possession of the provisional ballots and forms on election night, the voter registrar must inform the custodian of the election records and post a Notice of Election Night Transfer (PDF) no later than Monday, November 5, 2018, 24 hours before election day. (1 Tex. Admin. Code. Secs. 81.174(d)(3)). However, under this type of delivery, the county voter registrar must go to the custodian of election records office and pick up the provisional ballots and forms.

NOTE: The general custodian of election records (or the early voting clerk, if applicable) must also post a Notice of Delivery of Provisional Ballots (PDF) at least 24 hours before delivery will occur. (1 T.A.C.81.174(b)(1)).

Tuesday, November 6, 2018 - (Election Day)

7:00 a.m. - 7:00 p.m.

Polls open. (Sec. 41.031).

Voter registrar’s office is open. (Sec. 12.004(c)).

Early voting clerk’s office is open for early voting activities. (Sec. 83.011). A voter may deliver a marked ballot by mail to the early voting clerk’s office while the polls are open on election day. The voter must comply with applicable identification procedures. The identification procedure is the same as that used for personal appearance voting under SB 5 (85th Regular Session, 2017) (Sec.86.006).

Sick and disabled persons may vote at the main early voting polling place if electronic voting systems are used at regular polling place(s) on election day and the voter has a sickness or condition that prevents the voter from voting in the regular manner without personal assistance or likelihood of injury. (Secs.104.001; 104.003). However, if the early voting ballots by mail are processed at a location other than the main early voting polling place, the early voting clerk may require the voting to be conducted at that location. (Sec. 104.003).

5:00 p.m.

Deadline for receiving Application for Emergency Early Voting Ballot Due to Sickness or Physical Disability (PDF) for late ballots to be voted by persons who became sick or disabled on or after Thursday, October 25, 2018. (Sec. 102.003(b)).

7:00 p.m.

Regular deadline for receiving early voting ballots by mail BUT see entry for Wednesday, November 7, 2018 on “late domestic ballots” and entries for Tuesday, November 13, 2018 on other “late” ballots.

Deadline for receiving early voting ballots by mail and late ballots cast by voters who became sick or disabled on or after Thursday, October 25, 2018. (Secs. 86.007(a); 102.006(c)).

NOTE - Receipt of Mail Ballots: All early voting ballots sent by mail from inside the United States that are received by 7:00 p.m. on election day, November 6, 2018, must be counted on election night. If the carrier envelope does not bear a cancellation mark or a receipt mark, the ballot must arrive before the time the polls are required to close on election day. (Sec. 86.007(a)(1). If the early voting clerk cannot determine whether a ballot arrived before that deadline, the ballot is considered to have arrived at the time the place at which the carrier envelopes are deposited was last inspected for removal of returned ballots. (Sec. 86.007(b)). The early voting clerk must check the mailbox for early voting mail ballots at least once after the time for regular mail delivery. (Sec. 86.007(b)).

NEW LAW: An early voting mail ballot that is not received by 7:00 p.m. on election day may not be counted unless the ballot may be counted late, per HB 1151 (85th Legislature, RS, 2017), which applies to ballots mailed from outside the United States (Sec. 86.007(d)), late domestic ballots (Sec. 86.007(a)(2)), and ballots from members of the armed forces and merchant marine of the United States, their spouses and dependents (Sec. 101.057). See entry for Wednesday, November 7, 2018 on “late domestic ballots” and entries for Tuesday, November 13, 2018 on other “late” ballots.   See Tex. Sec’y of State Election Advisory No. 2018-02.

NOTE - Delivery of Early Voting by Personal Appearance and Mail Ballots: The early voting clerk delivers the voted ballots, the key to the double-locked ballot box, etc., to the early voting ballot board at the time or times specified by the presiding judge of the early voting ballot board, during the hours the polls are open or as soon after the polls close as practicable. (Secs. 87.021; 87.022). The custodian of the key to the second lock of the double-locked early voting ballot box delivers his or her key to the presiding judge of the early voting ballot board on request of the presiding judge. (Secs. 85.032(d); 87.025). The custodian is the sheriff for county elections, elections ordered by the governor, and a primary election (or the county judge in a year when the office of sheriff is on the ballot). The custodian is the chief of police or city marshal for city elections, and the constable of the justice precinct in which the political subdivision’s main office is located (or the sheriff, if there is no constable), for other political subdivision elections. (Sec. 66.060). If ballots are to be delivered before election day, the early voting clerk must post notice at least 24 hours before each delivery at the main early voting polling place.

NOTE - Delivery of Early Voting Ballot to Early Voting Ballot Board Before Election Day: Early voting ballots may be delivered to the early voting ballot board at any time after early voting by personal appearance ends. Mail ballots may be qualified and processed (signatures verified, carrier envelopes opened, and the secrecy envelope containing the ballot placed in a secure location), but they may not be counted until election day. (Secs. 87.0221; 87.0222; 87.023; 87.024; 87.0241). If ballots are to be delivered before election day, the early voting clerk must post notice at least 24 hours before each delivery at the main early voting polling place.

Exception: Counties with a population of 100,000, or more or entities that are having joint elections with counties with a population of 100,000 or more, may process the mail ballots (i.e., qualify, and accept or reject, but not count) as early as the 8th day before the end of the early voting period; in such an election, votes may be counted no earlier than the end of the period for early voting by personal appearance; the results may not be released until the polls close on election day. (Secs. 87.0221; 87.0222; 87.023; 87.024; 87.0241(b); 87.042). If ballots are to be delivered before election day, that is after the end of the early-voting-in-person period but before the polls open on election day, the early voting clerk must post notice at least 24 hours before each delivery at the main early voting polling place. (Secs. 87.0221(b); 87.023(b); 87.024(b)).

NOTE - Manual Examination of Ballots Before Processing on Automatic Counting Equipment: The central counting station manager shall direct the manual examination of all electronic voting system ballots to ascertain whether the ballots can be processed in the usual manner or if the ballots need to be duplicated to clearly reflect the voter’s intent. (Sec. 127.125).

NOTE - Testing of Tabulating Equipment: The second test of automatic tabulating equipment used for counting ballots at a central counting station must be conducted immediately before the counting of ballots with equipment begins. The third test must be conducted immediately after the counting is completed. (Secs. 127.093, 127.097, 127.098).

NOTE - Precinct Election Returns: Precinct election returns are delivered to the appropriate authorities after completion. (Secs. 66.053(a); 127.065; 127.066; 127.067).

Transfer of Provisional Ballots to Voter Registrar Election Night: The county voter registrar may take possession of the ballot box(es) or transfer case(s) containing the provisional ballots (or provisional ballot affidavits when DRE systems are used) on election night (instead of on the next business day) by informing the custodian of election records and posting a notice of such election night transfer no later than 24 hours before election day. Under this type of delivery, the voter registrar must go to the office of the custodian and pick up the ballot box(es) or transfer case(s) and associated forms. (Sec. 65.052; 1 T.A.C.§§ 81.172 – 81.174 & 81.176).

Last day to post notice of governing authority’s meeting to canvass returns of election if canvass is to take place on Friday, November 9, 2018 (3rd day after election). (Sec. 67.003(b)). This notice must be posted at least 72 hours before the scheduled time of the meeting. (Secs. 551.002; 551.041; 551.043, Texas Government Code).

Wednesday, November 7, 2018 (1st day and 1st business day after Election Day)

5:00 p.m. – Deadline to receive “late domestic ballots” mailed within the United States from non-military voters and from any military voters who submitted an Application for Ballot by Mail (“ABBM”) (not a Federal Postcard Application – “FPCA”), if the carrier envelope was placed for delivery by mail or common or contract carrier AND bears a cancellation mark of a postal service or a receipt mark of a common or contract carrier or a courier indicating a time not later than 7:00 p.m. at the location of the election on election day, November 6, 2018. (Secs. 86.007; 101.057; 101.001). A late domestic ballot cannot be counted if it does not bear a cancellation mark or a receipt mark.

NOTE – NEW LAW: House Bill 1151 (2017) amended Section 86.007 to provide that a marked ballot voted by mail that a voter received due to submitting an ABBM may arrive at the address on the carrier envelope not later than 5:00 p.m. on the day after election day, if the carrier envelope was placed for delivery by mail or common or contract carrier from within the United States and bears a cancellation mark of a postal service or a receipt mark of a common or contract carrier or a courier from not later than 7:00 p.m. at the location of the election on election day.

NOTE: This deadline does not apply to ballots sent by non-military voters who are overseas but applied for a ballot using an ABBM; these voters have until the 5th day after election day to return their ballots (or the next business day if the 5th day falls on a weekend or legal state or federal holiday). This deadline also does not apply to ballots mailed (domestically or from overseas) by certain members of the military who applied for a ballot using an FPCA; those voters have until the 6th day after election day to return their ballots.See entries for Tuesday, November 13, 2018.

Unless the county voter registrar has already taken possession of the provisional ballots prior to this date, the general custodian of election records must deliver the ballot box(es) or transfer case(s) containing the provisional ballots (or provisional ballot affidavits when DRE systems are used), along with the Summary of Provisional Ballots and the List of Provisional Voters for each precinct to the voter registrar by this day. The general custodian of election records makes this delivery to the voter registrar during the voter registrar office’s regular business hours. (Secs. 65.052, 65.053; 1 T.A.C. §§ 81.172 – 81.174 & 81.176).

Note for Political Subdivisions Located in More than One County: A political subdivision will have to make delivery of the provisional ballots and forms to the county voter registrar in each county in which the political subdivision is located. (1 Tex. Admin. Code Secs. 81.172 – 81.174).

NOTE: If the county voter registrar wants to take possession of the provisional ballots and forms on election night (Tuesday, November 6, 2018), the county voter registrar must inform the custodian of the election records and post a notice of the transfer no later than 24 hours before election day. However, under this type of delivery, the county voter registrar must go to the custodian of election records office and pick up the provisional ballots and forms. Also, note that the county voter registrar may take possession of provisional ballots prior to election night if ballots are kept separate and may be provided without unlawful entry into ballot box. (1 Tex. Admin. Code Secs. 81.172 – 81.174).

Friday, November 9, 2018 (3rd day after Election Day)

The first possible day to conduct official local canvass of returns by governing authority of the political subdivision. However, the canvass may not be conducted until the ballot board has verified and counted all provisional ballots, if a provisional ballot has been cast in the election, AND the ballot board has finished convening for all late arriving ballots. (Sec. 67.003). See entries for November 7, 2018 and entries for November 13, 2018. Notice of canvass must be posted at least 72 hours continuously before the canvass is conducted.

NOTE: If a recount petition has been filed and a winning candidate’s race is involved in the recount, the certificate of election cannot be issued for that race until the recount has been completed. (Secs. 67.016; 212.0331).

Cities, Schools, and Other Political Subdivisions: First day that newly-elected local officers may qualify and assume the duties of their offices. Please note that the canvass must have been completed before an officer can assume office. (Sec. 67.016). If a political subdivision was able to cancel its election, this is the first day its elected officials can be issued a certificate of election and take the oath of office. (Secs. 2.053(e); 67.003; 67.016).

NOTE: This does not apply to officers of a Type A general law city, see entry at Monday, November 12, 2018.

Last day to begin the partial manual count for districts using electronic voting systems. This is the last day to begin manual recount of ballots in three precincts or one percent of precincts, whichever is greater. (Sec. 127.201(a), (g)). The count must be completed not later than the 21st day after election day. Results of manual count must be delivered to Secretary of State not later than the 3rd day after the manual count is completed. (Sec. 127.201(e)). No partial manual count needs to be done of ballots cast on DRE voting machines. (Sec. 127.201(g)).

Monday, November 12, 2018 (6th day after Election Day)

First day that newly-elected officers of Type A general law city may qualify and assume duties of office (per Sec. 22.006, Local Government Code), but see NOTE, below.

NOTE: Council members may take office anytime following the canvass. Section 22.006 of the Texas Local Government Code states that a newly-elected municipal officer of a Type A city may exercise the duties of office beginning the fifth day after the date of the election, excluding Sundays. However, no newly elected official may qualify for office before the official canvass of the election has been conducted (or would have been conducted, in the event of a cancelled election). Section 22.036 of the Texas Local Government Code further requires that the newly-elected governing body of the municipality “meet at the usual meeting place and shall be installed.”

NOTE: If a recount petition has been filed and a winning candidate’s race is involved in the recount, the certificate of election cannot be issued for that race until the recount has been completed. (Secs. 67.016; 212.0331).

Tuesday, November 13, 2018 (7th day after Election Day)

Deadline for provisional voter to (1) present acceptable photo identification to county voter registrar; or (2) if the voter does not possess and cannot reasonably obtain acceptable photo identification, follow the Reasonable Impediment Declaration procedure at the county voter registrar; or (3) execute an affidavit relative to “natural disaster” or “religious objection” in presence of county voter registrar, if applicable; or (4) qualify for the disability exemption, if applicable, with the county voter registrar. (Secs. 1.006; 65.054; 65.0541).

Last day to receive ballots from non-military and any military voters casting ballots from outside of the United States, who submitted an ABBM, (not an FPCA) AND who placed their ballots in delivery by 7:00 p.m. on election day, Tuesday, November 6, 2018, as evidenced by a postal service cancellation mark or a receipt mark of a common or contract carrier or a courier (Secs. 86.007, 101.057 and 101.001). A late overseas ballot sent by a voter who applied for a ballot using an ABBM (not an FPCA) cannot be counted if it does not bear a cancellation mark or a receipt mark.*

NOTE: House Bill 1151 (2017) amended Section 86.007 to provide that a marked ballot voted by mail from outside of the United States by a voter who received the ballot due to submitting an ABBM is considered timely if it is received at the address on the carrier envelope not later than the fifth day after the date of the election. Further, the delivery is considered timely if the carrier envelope or, if applicable, the envelope containing the carrier envelope is properly addressed with postage or handling charges prepaid and bears a cancellation mark of a recognized postal service or a receipt mark of a common or contract carrier or a courier indicating a time by 7:00 p.m. on election day.

Last day to receive ballots from non-military voters casting ballots from overseas, who submitted a FPCA, AND who placed their ballots in delivery by 7:00 p.m. on election day, Tuesday, November 6, 2018. (Sec. 86.007(d) and (e)).*

*The deadlines referenced above are extended to the next regular business day which is Tuesday, November 13, 2018 due to the 5th day falling on a Sunday and Veterans Day being observed by the U.S. Postal Service on Monday, November 12, 2018. (Secs. 1.006; 86.007(d-1)).

Last day to receive carrier envelopes mailed domestically (within the United States) OR overseas from voters who submitted a FPCA AND who are members of the armed forces of the United States, or the spouse or a dependent of a member of the armed forces, members of the merchant marines of the United States, or the spouse or a dependent of a member of the merchant marine. (Secs. 1.006; 101.057; 101.001). SeeNote on House Bill 929 (2017, RS), below. The deadline is extended to the next regular business day which is Tuesday, November 13, 2018 due to the 6th day falling on a Monday and Veterans Day being observed by the U.S. Postal Service on November 12, 2018. (Sec. 86.007(d-1)).

NOTE: House Bill 929 (2017, RS) amended Section 101.057 to provide that carrier envelopes mailed domestically or overseas from certain military voters (members of the armed forces of the United States, or the spouse or a dependent of a member of the armed forces, members of the merchant marines of the United States, or the spouse or a dependent of a member of the merchant marine) who submitted a Federal Post Card Application (FPCA)may arrive on or before the 6th day after election day. (Secs.86.007; 101.057; 101.001).

NOTE: The carrier envelope or, if applicable, the envelope containing the carrier envelope sent by the military members listed above who applied to vote by mail using the FPCA does NOT need to bear a cancellation or receipt mark in order to be counted.

Deadline for Voter Registrar to complete the review of provisional ballots. (1 Tex. Admin Code Secs. 81.172 – 81.175).

Deadline for custodian of election records or presiding judge of the early voting ballot board to retrieve provisional ballots from county voter registrar. (1 Tex. Admin. Code Secs. 81.172 – 81.176).

Saturday, November 17, 2018 (11th day after Election Day)

Last day to post notice of governing authority’s meeting to canvass returns of election if canvass is to take place on Tuesday, November 20, 2018 (14th day after election). This notice must be posted at least 72 hours before the scheduled time of the meeting. (Secs. 551.002; 551.041; 551.043, Texas Government Code).

Monday, November 19, 2018 (13th day after Election Day)

Last day for early voting ballot board to convene to qualify and count:

  1. any late domestic ballots (non-military) that bear a cancellation mark or receipt mark indicating they were placed for delivery by mail or common or contract carrier not later than 7:00 p.m. on election day, November 6, 2018, and were received not later than 5:00 p.m. on the first business day after election day, on Wednesday, November 7, 2018. (Secs. 86.007(a); 87.125(a)).
  2. any late ballots that were submitted from outside the United States by voters who applied for the ballot using an ABBM or by non-military voters who applied for the ballot using an FPCA, and which were received by the 5th day after election day, Tuesday, November 13, 2018. (Secs. 1.006; 87.125(a)); 86.007(d)).*
  3. any ballots received by the 6th day after election day, Tuesday, November 13, 2018, from voters who are members of the armed forces of the United States, or the spouse or a dependent of a member of the armed forces, members of the merchant marines of the United States, or the spouse or a dependent of a member of the merchant marine and who applied for a ballot using an FPCA. (Secs. 1.006; 101.057; 87.125(a)).*
  4. any provisional ballots that have been reviewed by the voter registrar. (Sec.65.051(a)).

NOTE: The deadlines referenced above are extended to the next regular business day which is Tuesday, November 13, 2018 due to the 5th day falling on a Sunday and Veterans Day being observed by the U.S. Postal Service on  Monday, November 12, 2018. (Secs. 1.006; 86.007(d-1)).

NOTE: Ballots that do not qualify under 1-3 above should be treated as ballots not timely returned and should not be delivered to the ballot board.

NOTE: The presiding judge of the EVBB shall mail a Notice of Rejected Ballot (PDF) to voters whose mail ballots were rejected no later than the 10th day after election day or as soon as practicable, depending on when the EVBB last convenes. (Sec. 87.0431).

The time the board reconvenes is set by the presiding judge of the early voting ballot board. (Secs. 86.007(d);  87.125).

Tuesday, November 20, 2018 (14th day after Election Day)

Last day for official canvass of returns by governing authority of political subdivision. (Sec. 67.003).

NOTE: If a recount petition has been filed and a winning candidate’s race is involved in the recount, the certificate of election cannot be issued for that race until the recount has been completed. (Secs. 67.016; 212.0331).

Saturday, November 24, 2018 (18th day after Election Day)

First day that Governor may conduct the state canvass of the November General Election for state and county officers. (Sec. 67.012).

Tuesday, November 27, 2018 (21st day after Election Day)

Last day to complete the partial manual count. (Sec. 127.201(a)).

Friday, November 30, 2018 (24th day after Election Day; 10th day after last canvass)

Last day for the presiding judge of the early voting ballot board to mail Notice of Outcome to Provisional Voter (PDF) to provisional voters, if the canvass was held on Tuesday, November 20, 2018. Such notices must be delivered to provisional voters by the presiding judge no later than the 10th day after the local canvass. (65.059; 1 Tex. Admin. Code Sec. 81.176(e)).

December

Thursday, December 6, 2018 (30th day after Election Day)

Last day to file electronic precinct-by-precinct returns with the Secretary of State. (Sec. 67.017).

Monday, December 10, 2018 (34th day after Election Day)

Last day for the Governor to conduct the state canvass for the November General Election for state and county. Since the actual deadline (the 33rd day) falls on a Sunday, the deadline is moved to the next business day. (Secs. 1.006; 67.012).

Friday, December 14, 2018 (38th day after Election Day)

Last day of the period for mandatory office hours. See entry for Monday, September 17, 2018. (Sec. 31.122).

January

Sunday, January 6, 2019 (61st day after Election Day)

First day that contents of ballot box(es) may be transferred from locked ballot box to separate container for the remainder of the preservation period. (Sec. 66.058(b)).

2018 - 2020

Monday, September 7, 2020 (day after 22 months after November 6, 2018 Election Day)

Contents of ballot box(es) may be destroyed IF no contest or criminal investigation has arisen (Secs. 1.013; 66.058), and IF no open records request has been filed (Tex. Att’y Gen. ORD-505 (1988)).

NOTE - NEW LAW: SB 5 (85th Legislative Session, 1st CS, 2017) provides that all election records must be preserved for 22 months from election day, even when there is no federal office on the ballot. (Sec.66.058).

Notable Exceptions:

Permanent Records: Election results must be permanently-maintained in the election register. (Sec. 67.006).

NOTE - Electronic Voting Systems: See advisories on our website for preservation procedures for electronic voting systems.

Saturday, November 7, 2020 (day after Two Years after November 6, 2018 Election Day)

NOTE - Retention of Voter Registration List: County voter registrar must maintain copy of each voter list prepared for each countywide election for 2 years (24 months) after election day. (Sec. 18.011).

NOTE - Retention of Candidate Applications: Candidate applications must be retained by the governing body for two years after date of election. (Sec. 141.036).